Cape Flats Dune Strandveld


Distribution: Endemic to Cape Town; mainly coastal, altitude 0-80m, but reaching 200m in places

Vegetation & landscape: flat to slightly undulating dune field landscape covered by tall evergreen, hard-leaved shrubland with abundant grasses and annual herbs in gaps. Structurally, strandveld is a tall, evergreen, hard-leaved shrubland with abundant grasses, annual herbs and succulents in the gaps. Examples of prominent shrub species include Euclea racemosa, Metalasia muricata, Olea exasperata, Chrysanthemoides monilifera and Roepera flexuosum. Strandveld has few endemic species compared to fynbos. 100% of this vegetation type occurs within the City and 56% is transformed.

Geology & Soil: tertiary to recent calcareous sand of marine origin. Outcrops of limestone found on the False Bay coast.

Climate: Mean Annual Rainfall 350mm in N to 560mm in S.

Endemic: Lampranthus tenuifolius

Conservation: Endangered: target 24%; 6% conserved.

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Historical vegetation cover within the boundaries of Cape Town.

View vegetation map


Historical cover
401 km2
Percentage in Cape Town
Current area in Cape Town
180.0 km2
Conserved/managed in Cape Town
64 km2
Conservation status
EN: Endangered


We have the following species in our database that match this vegetation type.
Genus Scientific name Common name Features
Brunsvigia Brunsvigia orientalis Candelabra flower Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Chasmanthe Chasmanthe aethiopica Small cobra lily Nectar-rich (sunbird) Bird friendly Medicinal use
Cotyledon Cotyledon orbiculata Pig's ear Nectar-rich (sunbird) Bird friendly Medicinal use
Gladiolus Gladiolus cunonius Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Haemanthus Haemanthus coccineus March flower Nectar-rich (sunbird) Medicinal use
Lachenalia Lachenalia aloides Opal flower Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Lachenalia Lachenalia bulbifera red lachenalia Nectar-rich (sunbird) Bird friendly
Lampranthus Lampranthus glaucus Yellow noon flower
Lampranthus Lampranthus stenus
Lycium Lycium afrum Kraal honeythorn Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Lycium Lycium ferocissimum Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Microloma Microloma sagittatum Bokhoring Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Osteospermum Osteospermum moniliferum Tickberry Medicinal use
Pelagornium Pelagornium fulgidum Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Podalyria Podalyria sericea Silver sweet pea bush
Salvia Salvia africana-lutea Brown Sage Nectar-rich (sunbird) Medicinal use
Satyrium Satyrium carneum Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Satyrium Satyrium coriifolium Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Tylecodon Tylecodon paniculatus Nectar-rich (sunbird)
Information on Cape Town's vegetation comes from Summarized Descriptions of National Vegetation Types Occurring in the City of Cape Town by Patricia Holmes, Biodiversity Management Branch, July 2008

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