Osteospermum moniliferum

Scientific name

This is a daisy perennial, woody, upright shrub, growing to 3 m. Fruit are berry-like dark brown or black.

In mismanaged Cape Flats Sand Fynbos, this species along with Carpobrotus edulis replaces the diversity of species.

"According to Smith in his Common Names of South African Plants (1966) bietou fruit was formerly used by the Khoi and San as a food source. Other uses an infusion of the leaves as an enema to treat fevers (Coates Palgrave)."

"The bietou is easily grown and makes an attractive garden asset and especially useful pioneer shrub for the new garden. It makes a striking combination grown with white blombos (Metalasia muricata) and krantz aloe (Aloe arborescens). Ample compost annually during winter or spring will enhance growth and performance. Bietou is relatively pest free and an asset to any garden."

Also known as Chrysanthemoides monilifera and Osteospermum subcanescens

Propagation instructions

By seed

"Seed germinates with some difficulty and needs scarification (mechanical or chemical). Plant seed in sandy, well drained soil and sow in spring. The seedlings are fast growing and should be transplanted to small containers when large enough to handle."

By cutting

"The bietou is easily grown and makes an attractive garden asset and especially useful pioneer shrub for the new garden. It thrives well in strandveld, fynbos, seafront and grassland gardens. It is a rapid grower, requires a sunny, well-drained position and sufficient space. "

References and further reading

PlantZAfrica profile »

Wikipedia page »

Image credit: Wikimedia Commons.
We currently have no seeds of this species in our seedbanks. Do you have any seeds or do you know where we can get some? Get in touch!
Nursery Quantity
Arundel Nursery 1
Mother Nursery 87
Nadine´s nursery 16
Total 104

This table below shows how many plants we are trying to obtain for this species.

Site Area Quantity
Site #11 Delft 3
Site #62 Newlands 40
Total 43

Can you help grow this species?

We are in need of this species! Can you help? Maybe you have this species at home, or perhaps you can collect seeds or cuttings (if applicable) from friends or from a public space. If so, why don't you help establish this species in areas where it is much needed!

I can help!

Important characteristics

Conservation status: Least Concern

This species was selected because it has various important characteristics.

It provides medicinal value

It is a pioneer species suitable for establishing the soil in bare areas



Pioneer species

Easy to grow

Good for coastal areas

Can be used as a hedge

Attracts butterflies

It provides food for:


Monkey beetle

Osteospermum moniliferum is indigenous to: Cape Flats Dune Strandveld Cape Flats Sand Fynbos Cape Flats Dune Strandveld Cape Flats Sand Fynbos Peninsula Shale Renosterveld Cape Flats Dune Strandveld

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